Rental Housing Assistance Programs U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

The U.S. Department of Housing & Urban Development (HUD) provides rental housing assistance for eligible low-income families, elders and persons with disabilities through three main programs: Public Housing, Housing Choice Voucher, and Project-Based Rental Assistance. Participants live in housing that ranges in size and type, from single-family houses to high-rise apartments. In total, nearly 5 million low-income households participate in one of these programs that help to create opportunities for self-sufficiency and economic independence.

Agency Accountable Official: TBD,

Program Accountable Official: Dana T. Wade, General Deputy Assistant Secretary for Housing

Total Payments
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Improper Payments
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Improper Payment Rate
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Supplemental Measures

Current Measure: 314

Target: 376

Description: This measures the number of deceased single member households within an owner’s or management agent’s jurisdiction. The measure will provide owners and management agents the data to conduct research and eliminate subsidy payments that should not be made on these households.

Update Frequency: Quarterly

Data Current as of: September 30, 2016

Current Measure: 97%

Target: 95%

Description: This measures an owner's or management agent's ability to access HUD's EIV system to verify the employment and income of existing tenants, and to ensure that the right benefits go to the right people.

Update Frequency: Quarterly

Data Current as of: September 30, 2016

Current Measure: 93%

Target: 93%

Description: This measures an owner's or management agent's use of HUD's EIV to verify the employment and income of existing tenants, and to ensure that the right benefits go to the right people.

Update Frequency: Quarterly

Data Current as of: September 30, 2016

Current Measure: 16,425

Target: 18,500

Description: This measures the number failed identity verifications (such as invalid name, date of birth or social security number) that are reported by owners or management agents to HUD on behalf of program beneficiaries.

Update Frequency: Quarterly

Data Current as of: September 30, 2016

Current Measure: 574

Target: 983

Description: Provides PHAs with data to initiate research and elimination of subsidy payments made on behalf of ineligible program beneficiaries. Once EIV is aware of the death(s), a notice is sent to the PHAs requiring action by the PHA to address the death(s) and to provide specific HAP information, etc. from which the EIV team can determine whether or not an improper payment has occurred.

Update Frequency: Quarterly

Data Current as of: September 30, 2016

Current Measure: 99%

Target: 99%

Description: Measures PHA’s ability to access HUD’s EIV system to verify the employment and income of existing tenants. As the access rate increases, the ability for owners or management agents to use EIV increases.

Update Frequency: Quarterly

Data Current as of: September 30, 2016

Current Measure: 95%

Target: 98%

Description: Measures a PHA’s use of HUD’s EIV system to verify the employment and income of existing tenants. With an increase in the EIV usage rate, the dollars of unreported and under-reported income will decline and recovery of overpaid assistance will increase.

Update Frequency: Quarterly

Data Current as of: September 30, 2016

Current Measure: 25,625

Target: 19,374

Description: Measures the number of tenants that have failed identity verifications (such as invalid name, date of birth or social security number) that are reported by owners or management agents on behalf of program beneficiaries. If a tenant fails the identity verification process, income and employment data for the tenant will not appear in the EIV system.

Update Frequency: Quarterly

Data Current as of: September 30, 2016

Current Measure: 17,869

Target: 15,590

Description: Measurement of income discrepancy cases (tenant under reporting of income). PHAs are required to use the EIV system and the Income Discrepancy Report in EIV as a guide to assist in the determination of improper payments based on tenant misreporting or tenant under reporting of income through tenant re-examinations

Update Frequency: Quarterly

Data Current as of: September 30, 2016

Current Measure: 99%

Target: 99%

Description: This measures information on assisted tenants that is transmitted to HUD by public housing agencies. A high reporting rate is necessary to ensure the PHA's ability to verify the employment and income of existing tenants through the EIV system. The greater the number of PHAs successfully reporting into the PIC via completed form HUD-50058, the accuracy of data increases in the PIC database. PHAs are the principals that control whether the required corrective actions are completed timely and effectively and reported accurately in PIC.

Update Frequency: Quarterly

Data Current as of: September 30, 2016


Program Comments

HUD sets goals and reports on the department’s progress in reducing improper payment levels annually. In fiscal year (FY) 2016, HUD reported a combined error rate for both Public and Indian Housing (PIH) and Multifamily Housing aspects of its Rental Housing Assistance Programs (RHAP).  Beginning in 2017, HUD commenced resetting its improper payment program. As a part of the reset, HUD performed testing on the PIH-only portion of RHAP. As a result, HUD is reporting Not Applicable (N/A) for FY 2017.   The PIH rate is based on an OMB approved alternative method that commenced within a compressed timeframe and was not intended to inform a statistically valid approach.  As funding is available, HUD will develop a statistically valid approach which will meet all standard guidance found in OMB Circular A-123, Appendix C for the entire RHAP, whether as disaggregated rates or a combined RHAP as was reported previously.

For FY 2017, the root cause of improper payments in RHAP was determined to be Process Design or Structural Issues. These errors were related to program complexity affecting eligibility and payment processes.  As a result, the program structure impacts the number of improper payment errors.  Simplifying rental assistance calculations would reduce the potential for improper payments.

By reducing improper payments, the integrity of these programs, involving historically over $30 billion in payments, is protected and the number of families that can be served through Housing programs is maximized. The Department has taken aggressive steps to address the root causes of improper Rental Assistance payments to ensure that the right benefits go to the right people. Additional information about the program can also be found annually in HUD’s Agency Financial Report.